Forehand and Backhand Serve in Badminton: Differences & Tips

Forehand and Backhand Serve in Badminton: Differences & Tips

In badminton, mastering both forehand and backhand serves is crucial for players seeking to gain an edge over their opponents.

The forehand drive serve is the most commonly employed serve in badminton alongside options such as short crosscourt and the lob serve. It provides a strategic foundation for initiating play.

Contrarily, the backhand serve, perfected from a side-stride position, is very important in doubles for maintaining court coverage after the serve.

serve in badminton

Each serve, governed by rules ensuring they are diagonal and below the waist, sets the stage for the game’s momentum.

Comprehending the differences between forehand serve and backhand serve in badminton, and understanding when to use which one, can significantly impact a player’s game strategy and effectiveness on the court.

In this article, I’ll delve into these serves’ distinct characteristics, offering tips for enhancing your forehand and backhand serve abilities.

Forehand Serve in Badminton

forehand serve in badminton

To master the forehand serve in badminton, add the following steps and techniques to your practice:

Grip and Stance:

  • Hold the shuttlecock with more fingers for extra control and angle adjustment.
  • Adopt a neutral forehand grip, ensuring your arms are extended to allow for optimal rotation and space during execution.
  • Position your non-dominant leg in front, sideways to the net for a stable and effective serve.


  • Initiate a smooth rotation of your upper body and hips during the swing, aiming to contact the shuttle as early as possible.
  • Strike the shuttle straight on with a slight upward angle, adding a slight slice underneath for precision.
  • Ensure both feet remain grounded, providing a stable base throughout the serve.

Variation and Practice:

  • Introduce variation by adjusting your body, hand position, or the shuttlecock’s placement to keep your opponent guessing.
  • Aim for the shuttle to skim just over the tape at the top of the net, making sure it remains below the waist at the point of contact.

Practice regularly to maintain a low and short serve which would challenge your opponent and gain you an advantage.

Backhand Serve in Badminton

backhand serve in badminton

Backhand Serve has its own advantages in Badminton:

Increased Control and Precision:

The backhand serve is executed with the racket pushed inwards towards the body using the thumb, focusing on control and precision instead of power.

This technique allows better management of the shuttlecock’s trajectory and speed, which makes it a strategic choice for setting the game’s pace.

Deception and Variation:

With the ability to apply slice and keep the shuttle closer to the net, the backhand serve can significantly disrupt an opponent’s rhythm.

Small changes while using this serve can bring in great advantage on the following strike, which offers greater deception and variation in placement and direction.

This element of surprise, including the possibility of a backhand flick serve, adds another layer of complexity to the game.

Advantageous in Doubles Play:

The backhand serve is preferred in doubles due to its quicker swing and compact nature, which provides better control, especially when serving close to the net.

This serve can be executed closer to the badminton net, reducing the distance the shuttlecock has to travel and minimizing the chance for error, thus preventing immediate attacks from the opponent.

Key Differences Between Forehand and Backhand Serves

When we talk about serves in badminton, particularly in doubles, the choice between utilizing a forehand or backhand serve often comes down to personal liking. The players use whichever serve matches their footwork and the level of their expertise.

This also highlights the fundamental role footwork plays, regardless of the serve type chosen. It’s not just about the serve itself but how one positions and moves their feet that can make a significant difference.

Footwork Fundamentals:

Forehand Serve: Requires a forward step with the non-dominant foot for stability and power.

Backhand Serve: Emphasizes a sideways stance, allowing for quick wrist action and precision.

Another important aspect is the neutral grip stance, serving as the cornerstone for both forehand and backhand serves. This stance is not just a preparatory position; it’s the launchpad for all variations of serves, dictating the serve’s direction, speed, and deception capabilities.

Understanding these key differences and the underlying principles of footwork and grip stance can improve your serving game in badminton and allow you to make strategic choices based on the game context and the opponent’s weaknesses.

Is Forehand Serve Allowed in Badminton Doubles?

Yes, the forehand serve is permitted in badminton doubles, provided it adheres to the standard rules of serving diagonally and below the waist. However, players may need to adjust their technique to accommodate the quicker pace and coordination requirements in doubles play.

When executing the forehand serve, stay aware of your positioning relative to your partner and opponents to get effective court coverage during the subsequent shots. This strategic positioning helps in maximizing court control and minimizing gaps that opponents could utilize.


I hope this article has clarified any doubts regarding the key differences between forehand and backhand serves in badminton, while also providing valuable tips to improve your serving techniques. The article concludes by emphasizing the broader implications of these tactics and techniques on a player’s performance and the potential for refining gameplay.

However, remember that improvement in your game comes through consistent practice on the court. While on the court, apply these insights and move toward further development. By consistently honing your skills and applying what you’ve learned, you can improve your performance and enjoy greater success in badminton.


Q: What distinguishes a forehand serve from a backhand serve in badminton?

 A: The backhand serve is often considered superior for advanced players who seek to immediately take the offensive and dominate the net game. It provides greater control and a wider variety of serving options compared to the forehand serve.

Q: Can you explain the differences between forehand and backhand strokes in badminton?

 A: A forehand stroke is performed on the dominant side of your body with your dominant hand, while a backhand stroke is executed on the non-dominant side with your dominant hand. When serving, it’s important to remember that the player must be within a service court.

Q: What are the steps to perform a backhand serve in badminton?

 A: To execute an effective backhand serve, adopt a backhand grip and hold the shuttlecock between your thumb and index finger. Then, swing your racket in a concise backward and forward motion to initiate the rally with an advantage.

Q: When should I use a forehand serve versus a backhand serve?

A: A forehand serve is commonly used for its versatility in delivering various types of serves, including short, flick, and drive serves. It’s ideal for initiating offensive plays and setting up strategic positioning on the court. On the other hand, a backhand serve is often preferred in doubles for its ability to maintain court coverage after the serve, allowing players to quickly transition into defensive positions.

Q: Are there any rules specific to forehand and backhand serves in badminton?

A: Both forehand and backhand serves must comply with the standard rules governing serve placement, including being struck diagonally and below the waist. Additionally, players should ensure that their serves are delivered within the designated service court boundaries to avoid faults.

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